The Epistles and Revelation - The rest of the NT The Letters - Epistles - 21 Letters -Pauline - written or attributed to Paul - up to 13 letters -Written by Paul - non-disputed --Romans --1, 2 Corinthians --Galatians --Philemon --1, 2 Thessalonians --1 Timothy -Written by Paul - some dispute --Colossians --2 Timothy -Not Written by Paul - but Pseudonym attribution --Ephesians --Titus -Non-Pauline - Agreed to be not written by Paul --1 Peter - Written by Peter --2 Peter - Written by another - Pseudonymity --1, 2 John - Authorial Hand other than that of the Gospel of John and 3 John --James - Written by James Does it matter? Not really - Pseudonymity is high praise, and likely a Disciple, therefore represents consistency of thought and theology Pastoral vs catholic letters -Pastoral - Written to a particular church or person -Catholic (small ‘c’) - Written to a universal audience No letter began as a piece of Scripture Epistolary Form - Rhetorical - read like sermons Pauline Form - Salutation - Thanks Giving - Message, argument and answers - Conclusion - Blessing Pauline Theology - Christo-centric Soteriology - Learned Pharisee - Speaking as a good Jew, OT focus - Sophisticated language skills, probably had some advanced learning - Never considers himself to not be a Jew - God acting for us - God’s qualities - Justice focused wrath, Righteousness - Legalistic-Jesus stands in our place, Love - a function of his righteousness through forgiveness and power - Salvation happens in History, is Cosmic, is Corporate, is Eschatological. Salvation happens by and through Jesus, the Sovereign Son of God, crucified, died, resurrected. Pauline Anthropology - Humanity has been changed through the resurrection - new creation - share in God’s glory Johanine Theology - Holy Spirit - Things that sound metaphorical but aren’t - Light and Darkness - least complicated Greek - very basic language. Concerned about community. Christology, who and what is the Christ - Love trumping authority. Salvation - Jesus comes to communitate Jesus reveals God’s glory through the cross. Jesus shows his power, and self-identifies as God. Faith is a verb, never a noun. The Beloved Disciple - never named - usually understood as John Revelation - understood as the same author as the Gospel of John -Apocalyptic Literary Form -Unique in NT, but found elsewhere in OT -Something revealed that would not be discovered or understood without being revealed -Prophecy - in the sense of what is to come - reality on an eternal time-line -Prologue - Letters to 7 Churches - 1st Cyle of Visions - 2nd Cycle of Visions - Epilogue Apocalyptic literature involved a lot of symbolism - interpretation is fraught with danger - however, definitely symbolic not literal. Only arises in times of persecution
  • Learn New Testament Greek

    Have you ever wanted to better understand your Bible? Do you want to explore what resources are available to identify and understand issues of translation, and how to use these resources? Explore the language of the New Testament with us!
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