The Epistles and Revelation - The rest of the NT
The Letters - Epistles - 21 Letters
-Pauline - written or attributed to Paul - up to 13 letters
-Written by Paul - non-disputed
--1, 2 Corinthians
--1, 2 Thessalonians
-Written by Paul - some dispute
-Not Written by Paul - but Pseudonym attribution
-Non-Pauline - Agreed to be not written by Paul
--1 Peter - Written by Peter
--2 Peter - Written by another - Pseudonymity
--1, 2 John - Authorial Hand other than that of the Gospel of John and 3 John
--James - Written by James
Does it matter? Not really - Pseudonymity is high praise, and likely a Disciple, therefore represents consistency of thought and theology
Pastoral vs catholic letters
-Pastoral - Written to a particular church or person
-Catholic (small ‘c’) - Written to a universal audience
No letter began as a piece of Scripture
Epistolary Form - Rhetorical - read like sermons
Pauline Form - Salutation - Thanks Giving - Message, argument and answers - Conclusion - Blessing
Pauline Theology - Christo-centric Soteriology - Learned Pharisee - Speaking as a good Jew, OT focus - Sophisticated language skills, probably had some advanced learning - Never considers himself to not be a Jew - God acting for us - God’s qualities - Justice focused wrath, Righteousness - Legalistic-Jesus stands in our place, Love - a function of his righteousness through forgiveness and power - Salvation happens in History, is Cosmic, is Corporate, is Eschatological. Salvation happens by and through Jesus, the Sovereign Son of God, crucified, died, resurrected.
Pauline Anthropology - Humanity has been changed through the resurrection - new creation - share in God’s glory
Johanine Theology - Holy Spirit - Things that sound metaphorical but aren’t - Light and Darkness - least complicated Greek - very basic language. Concerned about community. Christology, who and what is the Christ - Love trumping authority. Salvation - Jesus comes to communitate Jesus reveals God’s glory through the cross. Jesus shows his power, and self-identifies as God. Faith is a verb, never a noun.
The Beloved Disciple - never named - usually understood as John
Revelation - understood as the same author as the Gospel of John
-Apocalyptic Literary Form
-Unique in NT, but found elsewhere in OT
-Something revealed that would not be discovered or understood without being revealed
-Prophecy - in the sense of what is to come - reality on an eternal time-line
-Prologue - Letters to 7 Churches - 1st Cyle of Visions - 2nd Cycle of Visions - Epilogue
Apocalyptic literature involved a lot of symbolism - interpretation is fraught with danger - however, definitely symbolic not literal. Only arises in times of persecution
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