Rev. Dr. Karl C. Schaffenburg discusses the structure of the OT after the 5 books of Torah. The Writings, Prophets, and Wisdom Literature Writings many genres - Historical - Wisdom Literature - Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes Prophets - included in history narratives, but not in books named for a prophet (e.g. Elijah) - no prophets before a unified monarchy - about 1000 BC - Within about 75 years of the destruction of the Jewish State, the prophets disappear - The prophets spoke to those in power, because the king spoke for the people, the king personified the people - Prophets don’t want to be a prophet - Remind us that God is personal Major Prophets - Isaiah - Jeremiah - Ezekiel - Daniel Minor Prophets (the 12) - Hosea - Joel - Amos - Obadiah - Jonah - Micah - Nahum - Habakuk - Zephaniah - Haggai - Zechariah - Malachi Former Prophets - Samuel - Elijah - Elisha - Hosea - Seer - ro’eh- Diviner 
‘isha elohim - man of God - doesn’t say much - is prophetic by what he does or how he acts - navi - nevi’im - Prophet Types of Prophecy - Symbolic Action Reports - behavior designed to convey a message - Jacob walking naked for three years - Commissioning Report - Call Narrative - “Here is how God called me…” - Vision Report - Something that is happening or is about to happen - not exactly future telling - prophetic time is essentially time-less - Legends - Narrative stories with teaching elements - Elijah, Elisha for example - History - Retelling of History - The attack on Jerusalem - Biography - Life of the prophet - Jeremiah for example - Divinatory Chronicle - Prophet as Diviner - Poetic - Indictment and Judgement Three Major Themes of all Prophecy - Covenant and Imperium - Prophets remind the people of things they’ve already agreed to with the Lord. Call back to covenant, back to faithfulness to God. - Ethical Norms - Call to recognize the people failure to uphold the ethical or social justice norms or agreements. God’s requirement - Hope - Despite shortcomings and falling short in faith - The prophets focus on destruction is still more focused on restoration of the people and covenant with God The Writings - Narrative - Apocalyptic - pulling the curtain aside to reveal a deeper reality -- Found in the OT in Daniel - Wisdom Literature Wisdom Literature - Psalms, Proverbs, Job - Hebrew Wisdom Lit. - as opposed other Wis. Lit. - Says almost nothing about history of Israel, but talks about how the just and wise person is to live - Enlightenment - Wisdom - Teaching oriented - Wisdom Personified - typically with a female pronoun -- In OT - Wisdom is created by God - Not a person of the Trinity Common Themes In Wisdom Literature - Cosmic Order - Divinely ordained order in the natural world, human beings are a part of nature and not separate from it. - Creation - The LORD is the author of all creation determining boundaries and keeping creation within those boundaries, but humans have free choice - Wisdom - The rules can be discovered by humans. Practical knowledge. Human wisdom has its limits. Human task and divine gift. -Human Choice has Consequences - Two ways - Follow God or follow our own way - Wisdom or Folly - The Problem of Evil - Why is there suffering? God does not will evil. People can ask questions. - Wisdom Personified - Creature of the LORD not a Goddess - metaphor Overall Arch of the OT in the Bible - Salvation History - The foreshadowing and requirements at Jesus the messiah - Christian Typology - Type (theologically) - something that is foreshadowed in the OT then fulfilled in the NT
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