The chalice (from the Latin for cup, “calix”) is the cup used to contain the wine and water which become Jesus’ Blood in the Blessèd Sacrament of Holy Eucharist.
The ciborium (from the Greek for vessel, “kiborium”) is a covered, cup-shaped metal vessel used to contain the bread become Jesus’ Body in the Blessèd Sacrament of Holy Eucharist. An open metal vessel, shaped like a dish, can also be referred to as a ciborium, and is used to offer the bread upon the altar, that the bread may become Jesus’ Body.
The corporal is the fine linen cloth, which is square and generally has an embroidered cross upon it, upon which the bread and wine are placed in Holy Eucharist, and upon which the Body and Blood then are found. The word derives from the Latin for body, “corpus”.
Lavabo bowl & towel
Prior to handling the bread and wine which will become Jesus’ Body and Blood, the priest washes his/her hands by having an acolyte pour water over them, as they are held over the lavabo bowl. “Lavabo” derives from the Latin for washing. The lavabo towel is offered by the acolyte for the drying of the priest’s hands. It is generally made of fine cotton or linen.
The pall (from the Latin “palla”) is a square, stiff piece of linen which is placed over the chalice during the celebration of Holy Eucharist. The original intention was practical—to keep flies out of the wine! A pall used in the celebration of Holy Eucharist is not the same thing as a funeral pall, which is a large draping cloth placed over a casket/coffin or cinerary urn.
The paten is a small plate, generally made of metal, upon which the bread of Holy Eucharist is offered on the altar.
The purificator is the fine cotton or linen towel used to wipe the rim of the chalice as communion is administered to the people.

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